Many states have created end of course exams for Biology, World History, and Algebra 2. These exams align better with what is taught than cross cutting exams like mathematics or science. For example, ACT uses generic science and social studies exams that are not aligned with courses in high school.
The newest edition of The Progress of Education Reform defines end-of-course exams, looks at the purposes for which they are used and examines why an increasing number of states are replacing existing assessments with end-of-course exams. These exams are particularly prevalant in the Southeast, but the New York Regents are a good example of college oriented exams used in high schools.