BY MIKKIE MILLS
HTML is the most foundational language in web design. Its full name is Hypertext Markup Language. A markup language is a type of programming language that combines human-readable content with tags that let the computer know how to display the content. HTML is executed by the browser, meaning your visitors can see your HTML. In days gone by, different browsers would render HTML slightly differently, but it is pretty standardized at this point.
Your HTML is how you will include content on specific pages. Understanding this language is essential for designing websites. Despite this, most web designers don’t directly create pages with HTML anymore. Instead, they use content management systems and frameworks to do a lot of the legwork for them. Nonetheless, if you want to create good websites, you should learn this language.
CSS is a styling language used to extend the capabilities of HTML. It is almost always used in conjunction with HTML today. If a website were a house, HTML would be the structure and CSS would be the decorations.
Your stylesheets can be separate from your HTML pages. This means that you can have a few pages that share styling easily. Returning to the house metaphor, you may have a few rooms in a house that share a similar design style. The CSS lets you easily continue the same design language between each room.
Many frameworks will give you a lot of tools for handling CSS. Some, such as Bulma CSS, use this language exclusively. It can be a powerful way to format and design how your web content looks.
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Byline: Mikkie is a freelance writer from Chicago. She has a passion for advanced learning, reading, and health and fitness. She is also a mother of two who loves sharing her ideas on education, learning, health, fitness and yoga. When she’s not writing, she’s chasing the little ones around or can be found at the local climbing gym or doing yoga.